Abstract Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is the leading cause of chronic hepatitis, which often results in liver fibrosis, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). HCV possesses an RNA genome and its replication is confined to the cytoplasm. Yet, infection with HCV leads to global changes in gene expression, and chromosomal instability (CIN) in the host…

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Abstract Background: While endeavors to reduce cesarean delivery (CD) rates are given priority worldwide, it is important to evaluate if these efforts place parturients and neonates at risk. CD performed in the second stage of labor carries higher risks of maternal and fetal complications and is a more challenging surgical procedure than that performed in the…

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Prof. Sol Efroni

Abstract Here, we outline an overview of the mammalian immune system that updates and extends the classical clonal selection paradigm. Rather than focusing on strict self-not-self discrimination, we propose that the system orchestrates variable inflammatory responses that maintain the body and its symbiosis with the microbiome while eliminating the threat from pathogenic infectious agents and…

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Abstract Atherosclerosis (AS), the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in cardiovascular disease, needs an early detection for treatment and prevention of fatal events. Here, for the first time, we applied gold nanorods (GNRs)‐assisted diffusion reflection (DR), a noninvasive technique for in vivo detection of AS in a high‐fat‐diet‐induced c57bl mouse model, which resembles the…

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Abstract Down Syndrome (DS), the most common cause of genetic intellectual disability, is characterized by over-expression of the APP and DYRK1A genes, located on the triplicated chromosome 21. This chromosomal abnormality leads to a cognitive decline mediated by Amyloid-β (Aβ) overproduction and tau hyper-phosphorylation as early as the age of 40. In this study, we used the Ts65Dn mouse…

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Abstract Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that is the most common cause of dementia and the 6th leading cause of death. Although research has revealed significant information about AD, much is yet to be discovered about the precise biological changes that cause AD and how the disease could be prevented, slowed, or stopped. Accumulating evidence…

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