Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major public health concern, with over 70 million people infected worldwide, who are at risk for developing life-threatening liver disease. No vaccine is available, and immunity against the virus is not well-understood. Following the acute stage, HCV usually causes chronic infections. However, ~30% of infected individuals spontaneously clear the…

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Abstract Near-infrared optical techniques permit tissue diagnosis by surface measurement. However, the geometrical shape of this interface profiles the intensity of the surface measurement, which is found to have an iso-pathlength (IPL) point allowing for absorption identification independent of tissue scattering. The IPL point was projected in Monte Carlo (MC) simulation, validated experimentally in cylindrical…

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Prof. Erez Levanon

Abstract Most patients with cancer either do not respond to immune checkpoint blockade or develop resistance to it, often because of acquired mutations that impair antigen presentation. Here we show that loss of function of the RNA-editing enzyme ADAR1 in tumour cells profoundly sensitizes tumours to immunotherapy and overcomes resistance to checkpoint blockade. In the…

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Prof. Sol Efroni

Abstract The T cell repertoire potentially presents complexity compatible, or greater than, that of the human brain. T cell based immune response is involved with practically every part of human physiology, and high-throughput biology needed to follow the T-cell repertoire has made great leaps with the advent of massive parallel sequencing [1]. Nevertheless, tools to…

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